Brief Commentary


Complex three-way Philadelphia translocation t(6;9;22) (p23;q34;q11.2) along with unusual t(1;4): A chronic myeloid leukemia case report

Shivani Sharma
Department of Cytogenetics, CORE Diagnostics, Gurgaon, 122016, Haryana, India
Corresponding Author:
Corresponding Author

Shivani Sharma

Department of Cytogenetics, CORE Diagnostics, Gurgaon, 122016, Haryana, India
E-mail: shivani.sharma@corediagnostics.in

DOI: 10.18203/issn.2456-3994.IntJMolImmunoOncol20183231

ABSTRACT


Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative disorder and genetically characterized by the presence of the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome, resulting from a balanced reciprocal translocation between chromosome 9 and 22 at bands 9q34 and 22q11.2 [t(9;22)(q34;q11.2)]. In the formation of the Ph chromosome, the specific region of the ABL oncogene is transposed from 9q34 to the specific region of the BCR gene on chromosome 22 to form a fusion gene BCR‑ABL, which encodes a constitutively active protein, with tyrosine kinase activity. Vast majority of CML patients show classical Ph translocation, t(9;22) and 5–10% of cases are observed with variant Ph translocation. In variant Ph translocation, generally, the third chromosome involved with chromosome 9 and 22. The segment of the third chromosome usually translocates to the chromosome 9 at band 9q34. The formation of variant or complex Ph translocation is controversial topic. A wide array of additional chromosome involved in translocation with the t(9;22) has been described previously in CML patients. In this report, we present a unique and complex Ph translocation involving three chromosomes (6;9;22) in a 25-year-old female 66who was clinically diagnosed as CML. Chromosome analysis using 24 h and 48 h unstimulated culture with GTG-banding was performed according to standard protocol. A total of 20 metaphases analyzed from the bone marrow culture of the patient and karyotyping was performed on the basis of International System for Human Cytogenetic Nomenclature (2016). The FISH analysis was performed according to the standard protocol from sample for confirmation of BCR/ABL gene using dual color fusion FISH probe (Zytovision Probe). All cell’s images were captured using Olympus fluorescent microscope BX-61 equipped with a CCD camera and analyzed using Bioview FISH software.
Keywords: Karyotyping, Cytogenetics, Chronic myeloid leukemia, Philadelphia chromosome, Translocation

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